Baruch Papirmayster was born in Latvia. Additional to his studies in the "Heder" and the "Yeshiva" he was engaged in general studies and later went to Berlin where he graduated as a qualified engineer- architect.
As a member of the "Chovevei Zion" movement he came to Eretz Israel in 1885 and settled in Rishon Lezion. Hence he wrote to his brother, Aharon Papirmayster whom he had left in the diaspora, and suggested to him to buy land in the settlement and indeed, with Aharon's funding, they bought 1000 acres of land for the two of them. Asher Levin, who was just starting out in the settlement, planted and worked the land for them.
On the basis of his background knowledge in chemistry, Baruch Papirmayster carried out experiments to produce various products from grapes but he was not successful.
He also set up a poultry farm which was the first modern chicken coop in the country and the chickens were the first thoroughbred chickens which were brought from Germany. At the same time, he also worked in his profession and planed the synagogue construction of the settlement as well as the building of the "Saraya" (Government House) in Jaffa.
In Baruch Papirmayster's credit are extensive public activities. In the year, 1888, at one of his trips to Vilna, he participated in an assembly of the "Chovevei Zion" leaders. The assembly was convened in order to discuss, together with the leading rabbis in the Diaspora, the question of the fallow years in Eretz Israel. When during the meeting the question came up if it is appropriate that Dr. Pinsker, as a non religious person, should lead the "Chovevei Zion", Baruch Papirmayster got on his feet and demanded to return to the issue for which they originally convened. "We are farmers in Eretz Israel", he said, "and wait for your instruction in actual practice" – and per his demand they ceased the debate and came to the point. He took an active part in Rishon Lezion, in the settlers' revolt against the Baron and was elected to attend the settlers' delegation that came out in the year 1901, to the Baron in Paris, in order to get him to improve the independent status of the settlements in Eretz Israel.
As a one who did not surrender to the demands of the settlement's officials, he was deprived from his rights in the winery and his grapes were declared "as non kosher." For two - three years he conveyed the grapes in wagons to the winery in Sharona – a German settlement - in an attempt to sell them there. Finally – he caved-in and surrendered. He did however, help the people of Gedera, which the officials also refused to accept their grapes to Rishon Lezion's winery and taught them voluntarily how to manufacture liqueur and cognac.
In 1896, he initiated the establishment of the literary society "Arvei Kriya" for reading and discussion of cultural and political subjects and served as a member of its management. The activities of the society were undercover as being forbidden by the Baron officials. For that matter, he offered the kitchen of his house where the members gathered and where the books of the first settlement's library were stored.
In 1897 he is the signatory of the revised regulation book of the settlement. Later, during the years 1902-1909, Baruch Papirmayster served as a member of the settlement's committee and was elected twice to chair it. In the time of his incumbency, vineyards were planted, the third well was dug, the street from the synagogue to the officials' house was paved and houses were built on land of the "Hakeren Hakayemet le Israel" for Yemenites who arrived in year 1909. His last years he spent in Chicago, United - States, with his sons, where he died and was brought to burial.