Lubman Mordechai
Born: 1858
Immigrated: 1884
Arrived: 1884
Residence in the Village:
Departed:
Departed to:
Died: 1896
Belonging to Group
Lubman Hayim Shmuel Gronem
 
Lubman Hassya
Itzhaky Itzhak
 
Itzhaky (Shatski) Zeesal
    Lubman Mordechai   Lubman (Itschaki) Gittel    
Children:   Karniel (Lubman) Eida Yehudit    Loubmon (Lubman) Avraham    Lubman Yaakov

Mordechai Lubman was born in White Russia, Mogilev district, in the town Houri Houraqui . At the age 17, he was drawn to education and studied languages and science.
The head master of the Government School of Agriculture and Measuring Land, who had heard of the talented boy, influenced his father to send him to his school. Despite the opposition of religious fanatics in his city, and being exceptionally exempted of any desecration of the Sabbath in college, Mordechai Lubman completed his studies and qualified as an engineer - measures. During his studies he founded with the wealthy people of the city, a school for poor children and taught there voluntarily.
In 1878, his father - a government official who wandered between train stations - was murdered and Mordechai Lubman left town and moved to Kharkov, where he worked as a surveyor of lands. Upon the outbreak of the "Storms in the Negev" (the riotousness) in 1881, he joined the "Chibat Zion" movement and rounded up many supporters among university students and intellectuals of the city.
In 1884, he immigrated to Eretz Israel. He first settled down - along with his cousin Dov Lubman – in Jehudia near Petah-Tikva and worked at a piece of land given by the Chovevei Zion in Kharkov. A Year later, in response to an appeal by the farmers of Rishon Lezion and the Baron's clerk Osovicki, he moved to Rishon Lezion which was then the center for educated residents.
Here he was appointed, by the Baron's clerks, a land surveyor - "anointed," in those days' language- and the list of the first townships' lands which he was measuring is long: Zichron Yaacov, Gedera, Rosh Pina, Yesod, Hamaala, Rechovot and Hadera. To his function as a surveyor he referred to as a holy work and performed it in spite of his poor health.
Following his travels around the country, he published his impressions in various newspapers: "Hatzvi", "Haor", "Hamelitz", in the anthology "Mimizrach Umaarav", in the Jerusalem children's newspaper "Olam Katan" and in Jewish - Russian newspapers in Russian. His notes were written and signed under his name as well as with nicknames like "Mordechai Hajehudi" and "Elifaz Hatemani ".
In his articles he referred to the problems that the population of the country dealt with. More than once he expressed adversative opinions to the opinions of the heads of the Chovevei Zion and those in response blocked in front of him the gates of their newspaper. Also the baron clerks were antagonized by his notes and for that he was prosecuted internally but, given his good reputation and the intersession of many of his friends, he was not fired.
A fine was however, imposed on him and he was compelled to sign a statement of apology and – a commitment not to write or publish anything regarding public affairs in the country.
He was a believer in industry, commerce and private initiative – as Z.D. Levontin's point of view - and cast doubt on the value of agriculture which is being built from donations. He also took part in the wars of Ben Yehuda with the Sephardi rabbis and the "Collel's" heads. In, 1888, there has been a fallow year. Mordechai Lubman published "The Kol Haickar" which appeals to the rabbis not to force the farmers to sit idle for one whole year and eat bread of charity.
According to his opinion it was necessary to find an advice or trick against fallow which can cause destruction.
In, 1886, he was appointed by the bureaucracy to be a teacher at the school of the township and to be its first head master. It was the first Hebrew school in the country and in the world. As a teacher for Mathematics and Knowledge of Nature, he had an important part of paving the way for teaching all the subjects in Hebrew. In the absence of textbooks in Hebrew, he had written notes and wrote the book "Conversations of nature knowledge" and created the first Hebrew terminology for plants and their parts.
Simultaneously, he was also dealing with public affairs and was nominated to be the "perpetual secretary" of the first townships committees. It was a committee of 7 members who called themselves a with the name the" Zain Tovei Hair" ("ZTH"), whose purpose is to manage the internal affairs of the township which until then were conducted by the baron clerks. As the secretary of the committee, Mordechai Lubman wrote the protocols.
In 1888, in light of his success of managing the school, he was appointed inspector of the Baron's schools of the townships in Judea. In this capacity, and although this caused friction between him and Baron clerks and between him the inhabitants who did not believe in the resurrection of the Hebrew language, he confirmed David Yudilevitz's plan of teaching "Hebrew with Hebrew" and spread his teaching doctrine of teaching Hebrew.
In, 1892, Mordechai Lubman was one of the organizers of first teachers' gatherings and for four years he headed the gatherings and edited the protocols of the assemblies. The teachers' gatherings were actually the first Teachers' Union. They were attended by ten teachers, mainly from Judea's townships, in which were discussed the fundamental questions of an elementary school and it was attempted to shape its character. Thus the foundation of the basic school forms and its content has been laid.
Mordechai Lubman conducted the deliberations. He believed that education should be based on two national principles: making Hebrew the language spoken by the students and imparting the love to the people and the country.
Mordechai Lubman brought to Rishon Lezion his widowed mother and sisters who were orphaned by their father in their youth. Mordechai, their elder brother, helped with their upkeep and education. His sister Dina he sent with the help of the Baron's clerk, to learn teaching and management in Paris. His wife's parents and her midwife sister, Miriam Yitzchaki, came to the township, following him. He himself passed away at a young age, 38, and was buried in the old cemetery in the township.

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